Hazardous Air Pollutants Emitted by Power Plants




Carcinogen

Develop-
mental
Toxicant

Repro-
ductive
Toxicant
Gastro-
intestinal
or Liver
Toxicant
Kidney
Toxicant
Respira-
tory
Toxicant
Neuro-
toxicant
Skin or
Sense
Organ
Toxicant
Immuno-
toxicant
Cardio-
vascular
or Skin
Toxicant
Endocrine
Toxicant
Acrolein
S
S

S

S
S
S



Arsenic
X
X









Beryllium
X


S
S
S

S
S
S

Cadmium
X
X
X

S
S
S
S
S
S

Chromium
X


S
S
S

S



*Dioxin
X
S









Fluoride



S
S
S
S




Formalde-
hyde
X

S
S

S
S
S
S


Hydro-
chloride



S

S

S



Lead
X
X
X
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
Manganese

S
S

S
S




Mercury

X
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
S
Nickel
X
S
S

S
S
S
S
S


X = Recognized Human Health Hazards
S = Suspected Human Health Hazards

* ..."Dioxin is an extremely potent toxin, meaning that it has health impacts at exquisitely tiny exposure levels. Just one gram of dioxin is enough to contaminate one million average-sized people to the point that they suffer from altered glucose tolerance and decreased testes size." (These are calculations by Charlotte Brody and Stephen Lester from "Denying the Dangers: Five Corporate Lies Aboout Dioxin", Charlotte Brody, Everyone's Backyard, Spring, 1998.)

Chart created by Environmental Defense Fund http://www.scorecard.org

Vascular disease may be linked to toxic metals

Jun 11, 2004 - Lead and cadmium appear to increase the risk of peripheral arterial disease, even when blood levels are well below current safety standards. Lead and cadmium are toxic, carcinogenic substances present in cigarette smoke and in some environments.

Researchers say the study suggests that lead and cadmium in smoke may partly explain the increased risk of peripheral arterial disease or PAD in smokers. The study also found that the risk of PAD rose even when the levels of lead and cadmium were below the safety standard set by the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration Safety Standard.

Besides smoke, people can be exposed to cadmium and lead from ambient air near industrial and combustion sources. It may also be present in certain foods and some water sources.

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a form of atherosclerosis - a progressive disease that involves the hardening and narrowing of the arteries due to a gradual buildup of plaque. It occurs in areas outside the heart, such as the kidneys.

The study, published in a recent issue of Circulation: The Journal of the American Heart Association, found that people with PAD had levels of lead and cadmium between 13.8 and 16.1 percent higher than those without PAD.

Researchers found that just one study participant had lead/cadmium levels above the federal safety standard.

From HeartCenterOnline www.heartcenteronline.com